اولین مرکز تخصصی غربالگری اتیسم شهر تهران در مرکز اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا www.AutismFariha.ir

Autism spectrum disorder : difference or disability?

Figure thumbnail fx1
In May, 2015, the DSM-5 streamlined the diagnostic criteria for autism. The new collective term, autism spectrum disorder, embodies a history of complexity and conflict around autism. Divisions have existed in the autism community itself. Opposing views, approaches, and objectives have fired up rivalries between parents of autistic children, scientists, psychiatrists, educational and political bodies, and those diagnosed with autism. Our society is pushing for acceptance of diversity and rejection of labels that define and limit identity, and the way we view autism is similarly challenged and questioned—difference or disability? However, decades earlier, when autistic characteristics were first recognised, the social climate was vastly different.
In A Different Key: The Story of Autism is not a memoir, neither is it a clinical narrative. It falls somewhere in between. The authors have captured the art of storytelling and the book therefore has a broad appeal, beyond those directly involved or affected by autism. Coauthors John Donvan and Caren Zucker deliver a fact-filled and engaging read, addressing, but not necessarily concluding, the autism chapter in psychiatric terms, and opening the doors for the philosophy of neurodiversity. This book explores the common, and less known, characteristics of autism, and takes the reader on the long and bumpy road to try and understand, treat, and even cure autism.
The story opens with one of the first children to be diagnosed with autism, Donald Triplett, born in 1933 in Forest, MS, USA, and his parents, who sparked a chain of events that eventually put autism on the map. At that time, it was common for behaviours that Donald exhibited to be labelled “defective”, “retarded”, or “feebleminded” with recommendations for immediate and indefinite institutionalisation. The Triplett's were advised, as were many parents, to put their child away and move on. However, the Triplett's refused, and they started a trend as activist parents providing a voice for autism.
The book takes a chronological approach, and the case studies are woven, some overlapping, into the timeframe. The reader is introduced to child psychiatrist Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD, USA) through Donald's father sending a report of his son's unusual behaviour. Kanner was an influential but controversial figure in autism research and treatment, and he was the first to use the term “refrigerator mother”, which, quoted in Time magazine in 1948, became the mother-blaming metaphor for autism. The finger pointed to the mother who had failed to affectionately bond with their child, and were therefore considered culpable. Kanner later retracted this theory, but it was revived by the Austrian-born Bruno Bettleheim with great vigour, to the detriment of understanding autism.
Bernard Rimland, who had a son with autism, obtained his doctorate in experimental psychology and devoted his life and work to looking for the cause and possible treatment. In London, UK, psychologists Beate Hermelin and Neil O'Connor pursued a biological rather than psychogenic basis to autism at the same time as Rimland published Infantile Autism: The Syndrome and Its Implications for a Neural Theory of Behaviour in 1964, slamming the refrigerator mother concept in favour of biological causes. The same year Ivar Lovaas began to experiment with applied behaviour analysis (ABA) in London, UK, in an attempt to modify behaviour, using electric shock treatment as an aversive therapeutic technique. Despite its use of systematic punishment to reduce self-injurious behaviour, ABA was widely adopted, until the validity of the results of Lovaas's pivotal 1987 study were questioned.
Many other milestones are included in this comprehensive and illuminating history of autism as a disorder that has confounded both psychologists and neurologists. Among others, Donvan and Zucker introduce Hans Asperger, after whom Asperger's syndrome was named. Asperger believed his patients possessed a superior intelligence and originality of thought, differentiated from Kanner's patients he regarded as “psychotic or near psychotic”. Today the syndrome is “far better known than the man himself”.
The book acknowledges decades of contributions to autism research and awareness, such as Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan Leslie, and Uta Frith's study, Theory of Mind, and Temple Grandin's autobiography Emergence: Labelled Autistic. The 1998 film, Rain Man, also gets a mention for attracting public interest. Not forgetting the invaluable role of influential organisations, particularly National Alliance for Autism Research, Cure Autism Now, Autism Speaks, and the tireless activism of parent-led groups.
From cover to cover this book stirs up a combination of emotions. Admiration for the parents that took a stand; incredulity at treatments and assumptions; and gratitude to scientists and activists that dedicate their expertise and devote their energy to making people with autism spectrum disorder feel part of a world that appears to fear non-conformity to what is considered normal.
Ari Ne'eman, proud of his autistic identity, and a vocal campaigner in the 21st century for not curing autism but accepting it, founded the Autistic Self-Advocacy Network with the premise that neurological variation makes “all autistics as unique as any other human being”. However, autism remains a complex condition with dissenting voices. You must read this book, for many reasons—including to find out what happened to Donald Triplett.

1398/6/30       00000             Autism spectrum disorder : difference or disability?       فرهنگی , کودکان، آینده سازان فردا , سایت دوستان , Autism اوتیسم , روانشناسی , مرکز تخصصی اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا

 7Agahi.ir سامانه تبلیغاتی 7 آگهی
7Agahi.ir سامانه آگهی رایگان هفت آگهی

یادداشتها و چرکنویس های من parhost.net گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست
یادداشتها و چرکنویس های من… یادداشتها ، مطالب ، نکات مهم و کاربردی … :: parhost.net گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست

اولین مرکز تخصصی غربالگری اتیسم شهر تهران در مرکز اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا www.AutismFariha.ir

پایگاه اطلاع رسانی ابزارهای فناوری اطلاعات , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی انجمن فناوری اطلاعات , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی اطلس ها , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی مدیریت و دسترسی به آدرسها و لینکهای اینترنتی , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی 88080.ir , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی اخترشناسان ایران , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی بهترین گروه و انجمن , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی با فرهنگ
7Agahi.ir سامانه آگهی رایگان هفت آگهی , , مرکز اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا , , وبلاگ پرهاست , , وبلاگ گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست , , آموزش هنرهای دوزندگی و چهل تکه دوزی با شادی در شادی دوز با مدیریت مهین حیدرنیا ShadiDooz.ir , , گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست
| autism 1 year old video | autism 4 year old test | اوتیسم هوش | چگونه اوتیسم را بشناسیم | اوتیسم شنوایی | 8 autism | درمان اوتیسم در تهران | نشانهای اوتیسم چیست | brinquedos para autismo 7 anos | اوتیسم خفیف در بزرگسالی | کودکان اوتیسم چند سال عمر میکنند | درمان اوتیسم با طب سوزنی | autism 360 | اوتیسم ژن | صدای اوتیسم | درمان اوتیسم بزرگسالان | طب سوزنی و درمان اوتیسم | اوتیسم خیراندیش | نشانه ی اوتیسم چیست | مرکز درمان اوتیسم | autism اعراض | اوتیسمی چیست | اوتیسم درمان پذیر است | autism 7 senses | خرید کتاب ارزیابی و درمان اوتیسم | الخوض autism | از کجا بفهمم بچم اوتیسم داره | اوتیسم ارثی است | autism 3 year old test | autism 02 puerto vallarta | آیا اوتیسم خفیف درمان دارد | اوتیسم کودک | autism at 8 months | علائم بیماری اوتیسم خفیف چیست | اوتیسم همان بیش فعالی است | درمان کودکان اوتیسم | اوتیسم و صرع | اوتیسم چه علائمی دارد | اوتیسم بهزیستی | autismo | درمان روانشناسی اوتیسم | درمان اوتیسم نوزادان | طیف اوتیسم در کودکان | اوتیسم 2018 | signs of autism 8 year old | autismus | 7 signs of autism | اتیسم عملکرد بالا | autism wiki | signs of autism 9 year old | عوارض اوتیسم چیست | اوتیسم و ضریب هوشی | autism بالانجلیزی | درمان اوتیسم تبریزیان | اوتیسم تبادل | اوتیسم متوسط چیست | autism 8 week old | اوتیسم شدید چیست | اوتیسم و غربالگری | اوتیسم زاهدان | ما المقصود ب autism | اوتیسم چه بیماری است | درمان اوتیسم با طب اسلامی | علائم اوتیسم | autism 8 month baby | جدیدترین راههای درمان اوتیسم | autism 8 year old video | اوتیسم علت | پرسشنامه غربالگری اتیسم | اتیسم اردیبهشت | autism 7 year old boy | روش درمان کودکان اوتیسم | درمان اوتیسم خفیف | اوتیسم ژنتیکیه | اوتیسم فرزند لادن طباطبایی | autism بالعربی | چه چیزهایی باعث اوتیسم میشود | درمان اختلال طیف اوتیسم | اوتیسم آپارات | $10 000 autism awareness scholarship | autismo 0-90 | autism 4 year old | حمله اوتیسم | autism 9 month old baby | اوتیسم ضیایی | اوتیسم نوزادان چیست | autism canada | ژورنال اوتیسم | autism 6 months | autism فیلم | درمان اوتیسم اصفهان | اوتیسم فیلم سینمایی | درمان گیاهی بیماری اوتیسم | autism 7 months | اوتیسم در بزرگسالی | علایم بیماری اوتیسم خفیف چیست | autism 2 year old test | اوتیسم در بزرگسالان چیست | autism 9 | اوتیسم شیوع

@AutismFariha #مرکز_اتیسم_فریحا #اولین_پایگاه_غربالگری_تهران #فریحا #اُتیسم #اوتیسم #autism #مرکز_اوتیسم_فریحا #تشخیص_اتیسم #مرکز_فریحا #مرکزفریحا #توانبخشی #دکترخاندانی #اولین #یافت_آباد #بهزیستی #درمانگر_اوتیسم #زمان_طلایی #رنگتیسم #مشاور #خفیف #infantile_Autism #مددجو #autism_Fariha #golden_Time #غربالگری #مشاوره #rangtism #اختلال
Copyright © 2002-2020, 88080.ir. Design and Hosting by ParHost All Rights Reserved.